Read The Sons by Franz Kafka Edwin Muir Willa Muir Eithne Wilkins Ernst Kaiser Mark Anderson Arthur S. Wensinger Online


I have only one request," Kafka wrote to his publisher Kurt Wolff in 1913. "'The Stoker,' 'The Metamorphosis,' and 'The Judgment' belong together, both inwardly and outwardly. There is an obvious connection among the three, and, even more important, a secret one, for which reason I would be reluctant to forego the chance of having them published together in a book, which mI have only one request," Kafka wrote to his publisher Kurt Wolff in 1913. "'The Stoker,' 'The Metamorphosis,' and 'The Judgment' belong together, both inwardly and outwardly. There is an obvious connection among the three, and, even more important, a secret one, for which reason I would be reluctant to forego the chance of having them published together in a book, which might be called The Sons."Seventy-five years later, Kafka's request is granted, in a volume including these three classic stories of filial revolt as well as his own poignant "Letter to His Father," another "son story" located between fiction and autobiography. A devastating indictment of the modern family, The Sons represents Kafka's most concentrated literary achievement as well as the story of his own domestic tragedy. Grouped together under this new title and in newly revised translations, these texts—the like of which Kafka had never written before and (as he claimed at the end of his life) would never again equal—take on fresh, compelling meaning....

Title : The Sons
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9780805208863
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 167 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

The Sons Reviews

  • Tayebe
    2019-02-24 19:02

    This book is awesome.The dominant part of these 3 stories is that the protagonists are strangely dependent and they all feel 'love' towards their family and also grotesquely,they accept their bizarre fate and they don't even try to change their strange and miserable conditions. They are banished and they don't feel regretful about it!! But why?Aren’t they adults? Can't they see their misery?Well, the answer is NO! They are not adults. They are children who are still controlled by familial relations! So we should not expect any trace of maturity in their characters. They all lack ''inner emotional development''. Consequently they cannot decide by their own or if they can, because they are fragile, outside factors will not let them do so. So what are they gonna do? The point is they can't do anything in other words they can't thrive. they're gonna have to give up and in the end, they have to embrace their miserable conditions and say goodbye to everything!

  • FeReSHte
    2019-03-03 15:56

    این طور که در مقدمه ی کتاب اومده کافکا درسال 1913 نامه ای به ناشرش کورت ولف نوشت و ازش خواست تا سه داستان "داوری" ، " آتش انداز" و "مسخ " رو در یک جلد تحت نام پسران منتشر کنه چرا که اعتقاد داشته محتوای این سه داستان یک ارتباط مخفی با هم دارند که در ظاهر مخفی مونده. این خواسته در زمان خودش نادیده گرفته شد. کافکا اصلا نام آشنایی برای اهل ادب نبود و ولف هم کمی بعد به جبهه فرستاده شد. هفتاد و پنج سال بعد این خواسته ی کافکا با افزودن بخش چهارمی با نام " نامه به پدر" عملی شدارتباط رازآلودی که کافکا ازش حرف می زده بی شک ارتباط پدران و پسران داستان بوده . نامه به پدر که از سیاه ترین اتوبیوگرافی های ادبیاته، ارتباط فرانتس کافکا با پدرش رو به تصویر می کشه ، این که چطور به دلیل انتقادات، سرزنش ها ورفتارهای خشونت بارش همیشه از اون وحشت داشته ، هرگز نتونسته اون رو درک کنه و با رضایت به خواسته هاش تن بده. با خوندن این نامه هست که می فهمیم پدران زورگو و پسران مظلوم سه داستان اول از کجا جان گرفتند.داستان آتش انداز قسمت دوم این کتابه و درواقع فصل اول کتاب امریکاست. کافکا بعدها این داستان رو ادامه داده و امریکا رو کامل کرده

  • Sarah
    2019-03-06 18:17

    This was my first time reading Metamorphosis.I know how that insect feels...

  • Dakota
    2019-02-27 21:16

    It's amazing how Franz Kafka could write so well, even after translations. Having a book that isn't written in the original language is always risky, since some words will lose their meaning in the translating process. But these remained well written after their translations and I liked them a lot. The only problem I had was with "Letter to His Father". It seemed like every other person's stories about their fathers. All the angst-ridden teenage bullshit but with a better vocabulary. Seeing as how most of what he writes in it is the same stuff I've tried to convey about my own father, it was boring as hell. I never realized how many people complain about their fathers or father-figures, and in reading it I decided that when I complain about mine, I'll just paraphrase "Letter to His Father". That way I don't have to think too much about the subject.All-in-all, I liked "The Sons" and I can't wait to get some more of Kafka's work.

  • Gary
    2019-03-24 13:54

    I was curious about the "Schocken Kafka Library" and why it's association was unique compared with other Kafka publications.Here is a link to a very interesting little piece on the Schocken Kafka Library"The Schocken collection is the only collection of Jewish books which escaped the hands of the Nazi's."

  • Dhanaraj Rajan
    2019-03-12 22:20

    A poignant book on the relationship between a son and his father. Kafka had a tough time with his dad. It is very emotional and highly realistic. Kafka cries and you can hear it.

  • Frank Costelloe
    2019-03-23 14:14

    A collection of 4 stories. The Metamorphosis is brilliant. The others are so so.

  • Fahad Nasir
    2019-03-25 14:19

    It is now for me that the word 'Kafkaesque' is, in its true essence, not like I had aspired to pay as much research or aspiration to it earlier, been justified. I have finally been acquainted with Franz Kafka and known the 'oppressive' and 'nightmarish' quality of his fictional world; I am still trying to figure out how it could both be terrifyingly and pleasantly gripping. Perhaps terrifying would be justifiable still for any scholar, of any level, even of a reader's, of Kafka, but the idea of pleasure that comes for me is the resonance of classic literature that Kafka's works bear-yet unique than any and every Wilde, Dickens and Austen. The patient construction of scenes, emotions, perplexities, conflicts, moods, forms, descriptions, with the delectable marriage of words and fascinating ideas and thoughts, I totally fell for. He controls you, this writer, against your own will, and rather coerces to bring you to his Kafkaesque world where you sip tea and get haunted.The Sons carry three unrelated stories of three sons (however the sons would barely want to be recognized on the basis of that identity. And actually, there is a fourth son too, Kafka himself). And they stand all uniquely lined on the sinews of despair and exigency of some rescuing force that never seems to come and surprisingly these sons never seem to demand for it - at least not explicitly. Kafka shook my world in a very necessary manner. Bravo for that. I look forward to reading him more.

  • Boomz
    2019-03-16 20:54

    "Letter to His Father" is definitely one of the most visceral writings I've read so far.

  • Andre
    2019-03-22 21:10

    I bought this book to read a different translation of the Metamorphosis and to read a couple of Kafka's other stories. All of these stories have an overarching theme of family.The first story, "The Judgement," is about a man who decides to tell his father about a letter he wrote to a friend. The father, in disgust, ridicules him and commands him to die by drowning. The son, at hearing this judgement, runs out of the house, down to the bridge and jumps off, drowning himself. I found this story particularly interesting because Kafka seems to allude to the relationship between Christ and the Father throughout the piece.The best example of this is when the son runs out of the house. As the son leaves, he passes by a cleaning woman who, startled by the son's movements, exclaims "Jesus!" and begins to weep. The fact that the son sacrificed himself for the good of the father implies a strong christian connection. Finally the title, "The Judgement," is an allusion to the Judeo-Christian idea of the final judgement, wherein souls are brought before the judgement seat of God and receive their punishments or rewards according to their actions in mortal life (I'm generalizing a lot here; there is quite a bit interpretation that happens here.)It's funny though that Kafka would include Christian ideologies in his works, as he himself was a Jew growing up, and later proclaimed himself an atheist. It's possible that I'm getting carried away with the story, but what I briefly explained was what I got out of it.The second story, "The Stoker," I have much less to say. It's actually the first chapter of Kafka's book Amerika. I liked it alright, although I got less out of it than "The Judgement" and "The Metamorphosis."This time through "The Metamorphosis" was my third reading. I loved that story when I was a kid, and it was interesting reading it away from adolescence. I still loved it, but I didn't feel like I could relate to Gregor Samsa quite as much as I did when I was a kid. The story itself is about family dynamics (like the other two stories) but "The Metamorphosis" elaborates a little bit more on the interaction (or rather lack thereof) between the transformed Gregor and his family. A lot has been written on that story, and so I don't feel like I need to say much more about it. The story itself makes statements about capitalism and its effect on the family, as well as a statement on the patriarchal family. The way Gregor Samsa was used by his family before his metamorphosis and their response to him later (most particularly his father's response) makes a strong point on the hierarchal nature of the family of his time.The book ends with the letter Kafka wrote to his father, which his father never received. I had trouble plowing through it, but the letter does open up quite a bit of stuff concerning Kafka's writing. He tells his father that he constantly sought to escape his tyranny, and the only way he could was by writing. This makes a lot of sense, as Kafka's three stories about three sons paint a negative portrait of the father figure, and an image of a weak, powerless, even childish son. In a way, Kafka sought to come to terms with his relationship with his father through his writing, which in my opinion, leaves a lot to think about.

  • david blumenshine
    2019-03-02 17:57

    yeah, i mean, there are some things in this particular stringing together of three specific kafka texts that work differently when complied than by themselves, in a general best-of book, or, as is the case with 'the stoker,' merely a chapter of a novel on its own. everyone knows metamorphosis. or should. and it's glory goes without saying. for whatever reason i hadn't read 'the judgement,' and i am glad i did. the same goes for 'the stoker.' however i had read the letter to his father a few times, and as addendum it works ok alongside the others, but it's kind of misleading as an inclusion, as, the reasons the other 3 stories work are the shared parts, skewed for each story. the hands, the windows, the doors and rooms, the on-lookers and their facial gesturing, of course familial interests, newspapers, desks... the back cover states kafka said these stories "belong together, both inwardly and outwardly," going on to discern these as obvious ones (which, i assume, are those i mentioned, as well as the symmetry such skillfully crafted in each in a way so great that, at least in my own opinion, he usurps even the symmetrical forms of dante), that there is some secret reason, which, who knows. and frankly, it doesn't matter. the secret is its relation to the individual reader, partitioned away from kafka and his persona/biographics. it is impossible to summarize the brilliance of kafka. it's been tried a bazillion times, and though each time the summation is fully correct and proper in defining kafka, it is not in defining kafka so much as defining the individual summarizer and kafka's work. he is just so intricate at each turn, moreso the more time one spends with his work. and that these individual stores, which are pillars of literature on their own accord, can be hinged upon one and other to, really, create a whole new work (if only in context, though, one could argue that a work becomes reborn with each contextualization) which is complete and adds dimensions to the already infinite ... blah blah blah. you get my point

  • Denty One
    2019-03-05 17:04

    Loved the collection. Incredibly thought provoking. On 'The Metamorphosis', I'm going to go out on a limb and say***SPOILER TOWN USA****I'm fairly convinced Gregor's transformation is to be taken as a literal occurrence and not as the delusion of a madman. Here are the two main reasons I feel this way.1) The story is written in third person omniscient (or limited, depending on the specific portion your reading), which allows the narrator to know and express the feelings of characters. However, this third person isn't expressing that Gregor thought or felt like he had transformed (no 'felt as if's' or 'as though's'), he flatly states that he had changed, in the very first sentence of the story. If the intention was to show Gregor as having lost his mind, or to even suggest that possibility, this should have been written from a first person perspective. 2) The story paints an incredibly positive image of Gregor's life before his metamorphosis. He had a job he loved and excelled at. His family wasn't particularly oppressive in any way, just kind of lazy, but he was fine with picking up the slack. As far as Kafka's father figures go, Gregor's father was a saint! He was planning to send his sister to the conservatory, because he thought he could financially swing it and he wanted to encourage her. We even learn that he was courting a young lady. Everything was wonderful... and so now we're to believe he just snapped, lost his mind and thought he turned into a beetle? No, instead he simply transformed, but was still focused on trying to live normally, despite his condition.I think it's more likely that this horrific affliction was to have come on suddenly, without explanation for the purpose of setting up a situation in which Gregor's family would have their souls laid bare and would have to go through their own metamorphosis. Most notably, Gregor's father goes from a sloth to a uniformed defender of the family.Anyway, this was just a thought I wanted to share. Alternate viewpoints are welcome!

  • Nicholas
    2019-02-26 17:09

    I am unusually drawn to Kafka. He hasn't created single character I like. His stories fill me with a cringing uneasiness. Yet, I find them compelling, and often suffer myself to read them.This compilation contains a particularly good set of stories: The Judgment, The Stoker, The Metamorphosis, and Letter to his Father.Of these, my long-time favorite is The Judgment. I find something about the mildly unorthodox plot and the terrible comeuppance very satisfying.I just wish Karl Rossmann, the main protagonist (if that's the word) or The Stoker would shut the hell up. His naïveté is aggravating, truly irritating.It was a good read for things I might have hated reading.

  • Tristan Greeno
    2019-03-03 17:13

    I thought "The Judgement" was actually rather thought provoking, even if it was a little out of my understanding. I loved "The Stoker" and i'm considering actually reading Kafka's novel from it, "Amerika". But overall "The Metamorphosis" was my favorite! I really enjoyed it. However "Letter to His Father" i actually skipped because I wasn't interested in reading it yet. Just because I haven't read enough Kafka to be interested in reading a letter to his father about how their relationship(negative as I'm assuming) had a "positive" impact on his writing. I'll pick it up one day.

  • Leigh Ellis
    2019-03-03 14:15

    The Sons is comprised of three of Kafka's short stories ("The Judgment," "The Stoker," and "The Metamorphosis") brought together by the unifying theme of #daddyissues. I'm not an English/Lit major, and, so, when I read for pleasure, I'm not looking to interrogate the themes, tropes, motifs, and/or symbols of a text. This is one of those books that I felt I ought to read; however, now that I've finished it, I've realized (1) no, thank you; and (2) I don't need that kind of validation (although maybe Kafka does...from his dad).

  • Tré
    2019-03-25 16:07

    I think, before this gets anymore than three stars, that I need to find some kind of literary analysis or criticism so I can digest the stories better. That or find someone who's by some chance read it so I can converse with them about what they got from it.I did, however, notice a lot of strength in shaping elements like point of view and tone. I was really able to catch on to Kafka's attitude.

  • Abbas Haider
    2019-03-16 22:18

    this books .. ahh left me with so much thoughts and sighs .. the complicated relations , the various forms of human affection and the change in behaviors when a calamity strikes or in moments of absolute bliss .. at the end of each story there is a longing ..its a cruel longing that there should have been something more there should have been some clear explanation but NO , you are just left with a longing and some random thoughts.

  • chynna
    2019-02-27 19:19

    Out of the 4 short stories, i read the Metamorphosis, the Judgement and Letter to His Father. These stories have a similar theme: fathers sacrificing their sons. If you read Letter to his Father before the other stories, you will see that the main characters reflect Kafka's own life and rough relationship with his father. I liked his stories: very dark and twisted, but somehow humorous...

  • Varun
    2019-03-23 13:59

    It was Kafka's wish to see the stories in this compilation to appear together as they all are an account of his strenuous, at times tragic relationship with his father. The Metamorphosis I had read before but re-read it as a continuum to the two other stories. Goes without saying that Kafka never does disappoint.

  • Eva Derzic
    2019-03-09 21:20

    An intense trio of stories published together posthumously, although it was Kafka's wish that they would be published together during his life time. They're disconcerting as all hell -- they all detail the lives of sons rejected by their fathers. Gives a whole 'nuther dimension to the concept of "daddy issues." A good read, nonetheless.

  • E. Gail Chandler
    2019-03-18 21:09

    A book of Kafka short stories. I read The Trial a few months ago and enjoyed the surreal quality. Kafka's relationship with his family as revealed in these stories is beyond that. I woke up screaming when I read Metamorphosis. This is a deeply disturbing book.

  • Donavan
    2019-03-13 13:50

    ...and their tragic fathers.

  • Reno
    2019-03-24 20:02

    Read this at University of Michigan, in my fantasy genre class.

  • Eileen
    2019-03-24 21:16

    The Metamorphosis was probably the weirdest novella I've ever read. But this is a highly referenced series, so I felt it was worth it for some pop culture knowledge...

  • M
    2019-03-04 22:02

    Liked The Metamorphosis best, but not as well as I remember liking it. Didn't really like the other two stories. They required the explanation that this collection provided.

  • Ulviyya
    2019-03-20 20:00

    3 stories - "The Stoker," "The Metamorphosis," "The Judgment" and "Letter to His Father"

  • Amir Rahafrouz
    2019-03-21 15:17

    shocked me sometimes. . .

  • Tumi Árnason
    2019-03-12 15:10

    Metamorphosis afgerandi skemmtilegust, hinar tvær smásögurnar skemmtilegar líka, en þurfti að pína mig til að klára bréfið í lokin.

  • Leigh J.
    2019-03-01 16:06

    I liked it because I was confused half the time. Most of the way the plot lines jumped made no sense.

  • Inrisrini
    2019-03-11 16:15

    good one, i cannot believe one can write so much about his father and his activities......